In France Établissements Poulenc Frères and Société Chimique des Usines du Rhône merged to form Rhône-Poulenc in 1928. manufactured the Zyklon-B used to murder over 6 million Jews, Poles, Gypsies, homosexuals and Russians in the concentration camp GAS CHAMBERS—they were carrying out Pilgrims Society depopulation. After the Nuremberg trials, companies like BASF and Bayer were formed from the splintered monolith. Of the 50 typhoid sufferers given 3852, 15 died; 40 of the 75 tuberculosis patients given Rutenol died. Farben (42,5%), die Degussa (42,5%) und der Theo-G… All defendants were indicted on counts 1, 2, 3, and 5. Medical Experiments in Auschwitz Conducted by I.G. [citation needed], Although IG Farben was officially put into liquidation in 1952, this did not end the company's legal existence. Several IG Farben directors were found guilty of war crimes arising from their actions during WW2. Telford Taylor was the chief counsel for the prosecution. Five smaller firms, Agfa, Cassella, Chemische Fabrik Kalle, Chemische Fabrik Griesheim-Elektron and Chemische Fabrik vorm. On one occasion they complained about the stench of the burning bodies. [86] Its stock (denominated in Reichsmarks) traded on German markets until early 2012. They produced everything from pharmaceuticals to manufacturing chemicals to explosives. [citation needed] In January 1955 the Allied High Commission issued the I.G. There were five counts against the IG Farben directors: Of the 24 defendants arraigned, one fell ill and his case was discontinued. [12][44] The Sales Combines are also requested to see to it that their agents are adequately supplied with National Socialist literature. Gentlemen who are sent abroad should be made to realize that it is their special duty to represent National Socialist Germany. Products IG Farben was founded in December 1925 as a merger of six companies: BASF (27.4 percent of equity capital); Bayer (27.4 percent); Hoechst, including Cassella and Chemische Fabrik Kalle (27.4 percent); Agfa (9 percent); Chemische Fabrik Griesheim-Elektron (6.9 percent); and Chemische Fabrik vorm. Volume X: The I.G. As of 2012[update] it still existed as a corporation in liquidation.[89]. Farben both in Germany and globally. Far-right newspapers of the 1920s and early 1930s accused it of being an "international capitalist Jewish company". Most were quickly restored to their directorships and other positions in post-war companies, and some were awarded the Federal Cross of Merit. Le Procès IG Farben (officiellement The United States of America vs. Carl Krauch, et al.) This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 00:25. [1] BASF was the nominal survivor; all shares were exchanged for BASF shares. Hayes writes that the inmates of Auschwitz III, which supplied the slave labour for IG Farben, were well aware of the gas chambers, in part because of the stench from the Auschwitz II crematoria, and in part because IG Farben supervisors in the camp spoke about the gassings, including using the threat of them to make the inmates work harder. I, in charge of nitrogen and gasoline production; Head of the chemical warfare committee at the war ministry; 8 years including time already served; died 1990, Removed from trial due to medical reasons, 2 years including time already served-died 1966, 6 years including time already served; died 1969, 2 years including time already served-died 15 Nov 1950, 3 years including time already served; died 1966, 1½ years including time already served; died 1965, 2 years including time already served; died 1954, 8 years including time already served; died 1967, Head of sales for dyestuffs for south-eastern Europe, 1½ years including time already served. I — Indicted   G — Indicted and found guilty. One product crucial to the operations of the Wehrmacht was synthetic fuel, made from lignite using the coal liquefaction process. Acting as leaders in a conspiracy to commit the crimes mentioned under counts 1, 2, and 3. Efter andra världskriget splittrades koncernen (bland annat … Thirteen defendants were found guilty,[68] with sentences ranging from 18 months to eight years. John Paul II 1978- 2005 "In the early 1940`s, the I.G. In 1938 the company had 218,090 employees. [8] A decade later, it was a Nazi Party donor and, after the Nazi takeover of Germany in 1933, a major government contractor, providing significant material for the German war effort. [16] By 1951 all had been released by the American high commissioner for Germany, John J. [64], In the Western occupation zone, the idea of destroying the company was abandoned as the policy of denazification evolved,[10] in part because of a need for industry to support reconstruction, and in part because of the company's entanglement with American companies, notably the successors of Standard Oil. In 1908 Hoechst and Cassella acquired 88 percent of the shares of Chemische Fabrik Kalle. [26] The two alliances were loosely connected with each other through an agreement between BASF and Hoechst to jointly exploit the patent on the Heumann-Pfleger indigo synthesis. [8] The company ended up being the "largest single contribution" to the successful Nazi election campaign of 1933;[32] there is also evidence of "secret contributions" to the party in 1931 and 1932. Allied Control Council. Instead, Hoechst and Cassella made an alliance based on mutual equity stakes in 1904. The nerve agent Sarin was first discovered by IG Farben. Sur les 24 accusés, 13 ont été condamnés à des peines de prison, 10 ont ét… In February 1941 Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler signed an order supporting the construction of an IG Farben Buna-N (synthetic rubber) plant—known as Monowitz Buna Werke (or Buna)—near the Monowitz concentration camp, part of the Auschwitz concentration campcompl… (Case VI)", "The Devil's Chemists on Trial: The American Prosecution of I.G. He stated that: ...the record shows that Farben willingly cooperated and gladly utilized each new source of manpower as it developed. In 1978 Joseph Borkin, who investigated the company as a United States Justice Department lawyer, quoted an American report: "Without I.G. During a trip to the United States in the spring of 1903, he had visited several of the large American trusts such as Standard Oil, U.S. Steel, International Paper and Alcoa. Max Brüggemann (Farben's chief legal advisor) was removed from the trial and his case discontinued on September 9, 1947, due to medical reasons. The SS had been declared a criminal organization previously by the IMT. However, we were unable to obtain conclusive results because they died during the experiments. [33], Throughout the 1930s the company underwent a process of Aryanization, and by 1938 Jewish employees had been dismissed and the Jews on the board had resigned. Peter Hayes writes that the board did not meet after 1940, and that although Mann "continued to review the monthly sales figures for Degesch, he could not necessarily have inferred from them the uses to which the Auschwitz camp was putting the product". [48] The poison gas was supplied by an IG Farben subsidiary, Degesch (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Schädlingsbekämpfung MbH, or German Company for Pest Control). 10, October 1946 – April 1949", The Authentic Records from the Nuremberg Tribunal Against the Oil and Drug Cartel, The “relay of life” to the next generation - IG Farben connection, Trial of the Major War Criminals before the International Military Tribunal,, United States Nuremberg Military Tribunals, Articles needing additional references from March 2018, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 6 years, including time already served; died 1968, 4 years, including time already served; died 1960, 2½ years, including time already served; died 1962, Chief Counsel; Head of the legal department, Head of dept. According to prisoner-physicians who witnessed the experiments, after being given the drugs the women would experience circulation problems, bloody vomiting, and painful diarrhea "containing fragments of muscus membrane". [45], For one experiment, which tested an anaesthetic, Bayer had 150 women sent from Auschwitz to its own facility. The twelve trials were all held before U.S. military courts, not before the International Military Tribunal, but took place in the same rooms at the Palace of Justice. (Monowitz came to be known as Auschwitz III; Auschwitz I was the administrative centre and Auschwitz II-Birkenau the extermination camp.) (The two other industrialist trials were the Flick Trial and the Krupp Trial.). Also presided over the GfK (Society for Consumer Research) and the Foreign Trade Committee of the BDI, Federation of German Industry. Zyklon B was the trade name of a cyanide-based pesticide invented in Germany in the early 1920s. O pesticida Zyklon B, para o qual a IG Farben detinha a patente e que era usado nas câmaras de gás para o assassínio massivo, era fabricado pela Degesch (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Schädlingsbekämpfung), uma empresa detida pela IG Farben. It consisted of hydrogen cyanide, as well as a cautionary eye irritant and one of several adsorbents such as diatomaceous earth. Farben (Excerpt from “I.G. [citation needed], In 2001 IG Farben announced that it would formally wind up its affairs in 2003. [2] In 1945, according to Raymond G. Stokes, it manufactured all the synthetic rubber and methanol in Germany, 90 percent of its plastic and "organic intermediates", 84 percent of its explosives, 75 percent of its nitrogen and solvents, around 50 percent of its pharmaceuticals, and around 33 percent of its synthetic fuel. 450, April 1949). Farbenindustrie A.G. und die Gründung der Nachfolgegesellschaften", List of major perpetrators of the Holocaust, Nazis and Nazi Collaborators (Punishment) Law, Trial of the Major War Criminals before the International Military Tribunal,, Conglomerate companies disestablished in 1951, Conglomerate companies established in 1925, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2018, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2020, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Percentage of production ordered by Auschwitz, Joined supervisory board of the Bunawerke Hüls GmbH, Supervisory board member, manager of IG Farben Auschwitz, Supervisory board member, head of fuel sector at IG Farben Auschwitz, Board member for Deutsche Gasolin AG, Feldmühle, and Papier- und Zellstoffwerke AG; consultant and board member for Ruhrchemie AG Oberhausen, President, Deutsch-Ibero-Amerikanische Gesellschaft, Chair of the board of a chemistry firm in, Board member, head of IG Farben's Upper Rhine Business Group, IG Farben board chair and led the reestablishment of. [60] Wurster became chair of the IG Farben board, helped to reestablish BASF as a separate company, and became an honorary professor at the University of Heidelberg. produziert. [43], Staff of the Bayer group at IG Farben conducted medical experiments on concentration-camp inmates at Auschwitz and at the Mauthausen concentration camp. [5] Several IG Farben scientists were awarded a Nobel Prize. Farben – from Anilin to forced labor” by Jörg Hunger and Paul Sander) Scientific experiments were also done in other concentration camps. Verfassungen der Welt. [a], In its heyday, IG Farben was the largest company in Europe and the largest chemical and pharmaceutical company in the world. This same cyanide gas along with Zyklon B and malathion was used to exterminate millions of Jews and other groups. Ook zaten er managers van IG Farben in het bestuur van Degesch. Ernst Struss, secretary of the IG Farben's managing board, testified after the war that the company's chief engineer at Auschwitz had told him about the gassings. L'insetticida Zyklon B, del quale la IG Farben deteneva il brevetto, e che veniva usato nelle camere a gas per gli omicidi di massa, era fabbricato dalla Degesch (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Schädlingsbekämpfung), una società posseduta al 42,2% dalla IG Farben e che aveva manager della IG Farben nel suo consiglio di amministrazione. Interessengemeinschaft Farbenindustrie AG (German for ''Dye industry syndicate corporation''), commonly known as IG Farben, was a German chemical and pharmaceutical conglomerate. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Trials of War Criminals before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals under Control Council Law No. In World War II, Degesch (42.5 per cent owned by IG Farben) was the trademark holder of Zyklon B, the poison gas used at some Nazi extermination camps. [61] Dürrfeld was sentenced to eight years, then pardoned in 1951 by John McCloy, the American high commissioner for Germany, after which he joined the management or supervisory boards of several chemical companies. Einige Zulieferfirmen sind bekannt. Zyklon B was pure Prussic acid, a lethal poison produced by I.G. On count three ("slave labor"), the judgement "allowed the defendants the benefit of the defense of 'necessity'" (Telford Taylor, "The Nuremberg War Crimes Trials"; International Conciliation, No. Although there was some cooperation between the technical staff in production and accounting, there was little cooperation between the firms in other areas. Joined supervisory boards of Süddeutsche Kalkstickstoff-Werke AG Trostberg and Rheinauer Holzhydrolyse-GmbH, Mannheim. Un conseil de gestion commun fut créé, mais chacune des sociétés conserva son identité propre. Nobody could live in Auschwitz and work in the plant, or even come down to the plant, without knowing what was common knowledge to everybody. [54], Other IG Farben staff appear to have known. By 2004 the university set up a permanent exhibition inside the building, and a memorial plaque, for the slave labourers of IG Farben and those who had perished by Zyklon B gas, was installed on the front of the building. IG Farben is the company said to be supporting German terror activities and research of uranium ores in Brazil after World War II in, IG Farben is the name of the arms dealer played by, The company also plays a prominent role in, IG Farben is the German consortium that buys Du Pont in the. [7], The company had ties in the 1920s to the liberal German People's Party and was accused by the Nazis of being an "international capitalist Jewish company". The pesticide Zyklon B, for which IG Farben held the patent, was manufactured by Degesch (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Schädlingsbekämpfung), which IG Farben owned 42.2 percent of (in shares) and which had IG Farben managers in its Managing Committee. The product is notorious for its use by Nazi Germany during the Holocaust to murder approximately 1.1 million people in gas chambers installed at … "[47], Between 1942 and 1945 a cyanide-based pesticide, Zyklon B, was used to kill over one million people, mostly Jews, in gas chambers in Europe, including in the Auschwitz II and Majdanek extermination camps in German-occupied Poland. The remaining property, worth DM 21 million (£6.7 million or €10.7 million), went to a buyer. 's immense productive facilities, its far-reaching research, varied technical expertise and overall concentration of economic power, Germany would not have been in a position to start its aggressive war in September 1939. [1] IG Farben also developed processes for synthesizing gasoline and rubber from coal, and thereby contributed much to Germany's ability to wage a war despite having been cut off from all major oil fields. Throughout that decade it purged itself of its Jewish employees; the remainder left in 1938. [65][2] The division of property followed the division of Germany into four zones: American, British, French and Soviet. In 1951 the company was split into its original constituent companies. In 1926 IG Farben had a market capitalization of 1.4 billion Reichsmark (equivalent to 5 billion 2017 euros) and a workforce of 100,000, of which 2.6 percent were university educated, 18.2 percent were salaried professionals and 79.2 percent were workers. IG Farben scientists made fundamental contributions to all areas of chemistry. [68] The heaviest sentences went to those involved with Auschwitz,[69] which was IG Farben's Upper Rhine group. Produk yang dihasilkan oleh IG Farben termasuk pewarna sintetik, getah nitril, poliuretana, Prontosil, dan Resochin, antara lain. Only in the case of Auschwitz, where IG Farben had constructed a plant next to the concentration camp with the clear intent to use inmates as slave workers, did the tribunal consider the evidence sufficient to prove that IG Farben acted on its own initiative. 9". Profits of the three firms were pooled, with BASF and Bayer getting 43 percent and Agfa 14 percent of all profits. Head of dept. Weiler Ter Meer[1]—it was seized by the Allies after World War II and divided back into its constituent companies. All defendants who were sentenced to prison received early release. Released in 1950, he was elected chair of Bayer's supervisory board in 1956 and remained in that position until 1964. The four largest quickly bought the smaller ones. IG Farben toimitti tuhoamis-ja keskitysleireille vankien surmaamiseen käytetyn Zyklon B-myrkkykaasun. [64] On 30 November 1945 Allied Control Council Law No. [34] The company is perhaps best known for its role in producing the poison gas Zyklon B. [52] In 1949 Mann became head of pharmaceutical sales at Bayer. Aerial photograph of Auschwitz, June 1944, showing the IG Farben plant, Peter Hayes (2001): "[I]t was Zyklon B, a granular vaporizing pesticide, that asphyxiated the Jews of Auschwitz, and a subsidiary of IG, the Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Schädlingsbekämpfung MbH (German Vermin-Combating Corporation), or Degesch, that controlled the manufacture and distribution of the Zyklon. Planning, preparation, initiation, and waging of wars of aggression and invasions of other countries. In September 1944 Fritz ter Meer, a member of IG Farben's supervisory board and future chair of Bayer's board of directors, and Ernst Struss, secretary of the company's managing board, are said to have made plans to destroy company files in Frankfurt in the event of an American invasion. The charges consequently centered on preparing to wage an aggressive war, but also on slave labor and plundering. Carl Bosch and Friedrich Bergius were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1931 "in recognition of their contributions to the invention and development of chemical high pressure methods". Sales of Zyklon B amounted to almost three-quarters of Degesch business; enough gas to kill 200 million humans was produced and sold by I.G. "Kontrollratsgesetz Nr. Farben in Liquidation from the 1950s to 1990", "Subsequent Nuremberg Proceedings, Case #6, The IG Farben Case", "Fritz (Friedrich Hermann) ter Meer (1884–1967)", "Ehemalige Zwangsarbeiter gehen leer aus", Carr, Jay. (1947–1948), also known as the IG Farben trial, was the sixth of 12 trials for war crimes the U.S. authorities held in their occupation zone in Germany (Nuremberg) against leading industrialists of Nazi Germany. [b][15], The Allies seized the company at the end of the war in 1945[a] and the US authorities put its directors on trial. [69] All were cleared of the first count of waging war. Following several later mergers the main successor companies are Agfa, BASF, Bayer and Sanofi. Neither were production or distribution facilities consolidated nor did the commercial staff cooperate. This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 22:10. L'abréviation IG Farben désigne la société allemande fondée le 1er janvier 1925 sous le nom de IG-Farbenindustrie AGnote 1. Weiler-ter Meer, concentrated on high-quality specialty dyes. [50], Peter Hayes (Industry and Ideology: I. G. Farben in the Nazi Era, 2001) compiled the following table showing the increase in Zyklon B ordered by Auschwitz (figures with an asterisk are incomplete). As almost all its assets and all its activities had been transferred to the original constituent companies, IG Farben was from 1952 largely a shell company with no real activity. Contrary to other industries, the founders and their families had little influence on the top-level decision-making of the leading German chemical firms, which was in the hands of professional salaried managers. Despite the extensive evidence presented by the prosecution that showed that the company had been deeply involved in Germany's rearmament after World War I from the onset, the tribunal rejected the charges for preparing an aggressive war and for conspiracy to that end. The indictment was filed on 3 May 1947; the trial lasted from 27 August 1947 until 30 July 1948. [57], The company destroyed most of its records as it became clear that Germany was losing the war. The minutes of a meeting of the Commercial Committee on 10 September 1937 noted: It is generally agreed that under no circumstances should anybody be assigned to our agencies abroad who is not a member of the German Labor Front and whose positive attitude towards the new era has not been established beyond any doubt. est le sixième des douze procès pour crimes de guerre organisés après la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale par les autorités américaines dans leur zone d'occupation en Allemagne, à Nuremberg. Disregard of basic human rights did not deter these defendants. The pesticide Zyklon B, for which IG Farben held the patent, was manufactured by Degesch (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Schädlingsbekämpfung), which IG Farben had 42.2 percent (in shares) of and which had IG managers in its Managing Committee. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 September 2018. Held from 1947 to 1948 as one of the subsequent Nuremberg trials, the IG Farben trial saw 23 IG Farben directors tried for war crimes and 13 convicted. IG Farben perusti muun muassa keinokumin tuotantolaitoksen Auschwitzin keskitysleirin alueelle. IG Farben hield het patent op Zyklon B, maar het werd geproduceerd door Degesch (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Schädlingsbekämpfung, in vertaling 'Duitse maatschappij voor de bestrijding van schadelijke planten en dieren'), waar IG Farben een belang van 42,2% in had. The firm manufactured large quantities of Zyklon-B gas used by the Nazis to kill millions of Jews at extermination camps during the Holocaust. Not a single member of the management of IG Farben before 1933 supported the Nazi Party; four members, or a third, of the IG Farben supervisory board were themselves Jewish. Head of pharmaceutical sales for the Bayer. The tribunal concluded that the defendants could be held responsible only for this one case. When World War II began, it was the fourth largest corporation in the world and the largest in Europe. Syarikat itu juga membuat gas racun Zyklon B, yang digunakan untuk membunuh tahanan di kem konsentrasi Auschwitz dalam Perang Dunia II. The judges were Curtis Grover Shake (presiding), James Morris, Paul M. Hebert, and Clarence F. Merrell as an alternate judge. In 1947 the American government put IG Farben's directors on trial. The first American air raid on Frankfurt came on January 29, 1944, when a vast fleet of 800 B-17 Flying Fortresses obliterated the entire city—except the IG Farben … 10, October 1946 – April 1949", "Law Reports of Trials of War Criminals. (Nitrate is an important component for the fabrication of explosives such as gunpowder, dynamite or TNT.) Farbenindustrie AG, var en tysk kemi- och läkemedelskoncern.IG Farben med huvudkontor i Frankfurt am Main blev världens största kemikoncern efter bildandet 1925. "IG Farben-Haus, Geschichte und Gegenwart" (in German). Degussa produced the anti-graffiti substance Protectosil used to cover the stelae which are the major element in the memorial. "[42], By 1943 IG Farben was manufacturing products worth three billion marks in 334 facilities in occupied Europe; almost half its workforce of 330,000 men and women consisted of slave labour or conscripts, including 30,000 Auschwitz prisoners. [37] One of IG Farben's subsidiaries supplied the poison gas, Zyklon B, that killed over one million people in gas chambers. [49] The gas was first used on human beings in Auschwitz (650 Soviet POWs and 200 others) in September 1941. The company had been a major factor already in World War I, when their development of the Haber–Bosch process for nitrogen fixation compensated for Germany's being cut off from the Chilean nitrate trade and allowed IG Farben to produce synthetic nitrate and extract and process nitrogen for use in agricultural fertilizer. The Nazi chemicals giant IG Farben used forced labor and made poison gas. [25][page needed], Hoechst and several pharmaceutical firms refused to join. Of the 24 defendants arraigned, 13 were found guilty on one or the other counts of the indictment and sentenced to prison terms ranging from one and one half to eight years, including time already served; 10 defendants were acquitted of all charges. The judges ruled that the prosecution had not shown that the defendants or executive board "had any persuasive influence on the management policies of Degesch or any significant knowledge as to the uses to which its production was being put". "[40] The company placed its resources, technical capabilities and overseas contacts at the German government's disposal. As Hoechst, Cassella and Kalle were connected by mutual equity shares and were located close to each other in the Frankfurt area, this allowed them to cooperate more successfully than the Dreibund, although they also did not rationalize or consolidate their production facilities.[28]. War crimes and crimes against humanity through participation in the, Membership in a criminal organization, the. The Zyklon B gas, which killed millions of Jews, Gypsies and other people was produced by IG Farben´s subsidiary company Degesch. [72] Those who served prison sentences included: Agfa, BASF and Bayer remained in business; Hoechst spun off its chemical business in 1999 as Celanese AG before merging with Rhône-Poulenc to form Aventis, which later merged with Sanofi-Synthélabo to form Sanofi. IG Farben manufactured the poisonous Zyklon-B chemical which was used in the gas chambers. Archived from the original on 14 March 2007. The defendants Ilgner and Kugler were released immediately after the judgement since they had already been in custody longer than their sentence. [9] Described as "the most notorious German industrial concern during the Third Reich"[10] in the 1940s the company relied on slave labour from concentration camps, including 30,000 from Auschwitz,[11] and was involved in medical experiments on inmates at both Auschwitz and the Mauthausen concentration camp. IG Farben was also the company that developed the Zyklon B gas that was used in Nazi death camps to kill Jews and other “undesirables.” Furthermore, IG Farben relied on concentration camp slave labor throughout World War II and the Holocaust. [19] The three major firms had also integrated upstream into the production of essential raw materials, and they began to expand into other areas of chemistry such as pharmaceuticals, photographic film, agricultural chemicals and electrochemicals. 9, "Seizure of Property owned by I.G. Judge Hebert filed a dissenting opinion, in which he argued that the defense of "necessity" did not apply and that all defendants should have been found guilty on count 3 of the indictment. IG Farben has been described as "the most notorious German industrial concern during the Third Reich". The company, in turn, blamed ongoing legal disputes with the former captive labourers for its inability to be legally dissolved and have the remaining assets distributed as reparations. IG, lit. In October 1904 an Interessen-Gemeinschaft between Bayer, BASF and Agfa was formed, also known as the Dreibund or little IG. IG's 42.5 percent of the stock in Degesch translated into three seats on its Administrative Committee, occupied by members of Farben's own, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1939", United Nations War Crimes Commission 1949, "IG Farben-Haus, Geschichte und Gegenwart", "Joseph Borkin, Antitrust Lawyer, Author Dies", "I.G. [56] Dürrfeld, a friend of Höss, denied knowing about it.[57]. Une « petite IG », par opposition à lIG de 1925, a été fondée en 1905 par rapprochement concerté des sociétés chimiques BASF, Bayer et Agfa. Resumed his position at Bayer. Formed in 1925 from a merger of six chemical companies—BASF, Bayer, Hoechst, Agfa, Chemische Fabrik Griesheim-Elektron, and Chemische Fabrik vorm. When the workers became too weak from starvation or illness to work for the cartel, they were gassed in the camp by a prized IG Farben product called Zyklon-B. [4] IG Farben scientists made fundamental contributions to all areas of chemistry and the pharmaceutical industry. In 2003 Degussa, a company closely associated with IG Farben during the Nazi period, was involved in a major controversy surrounding its involvement in the construction of the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe ("Holocaust Memorial") in Berlin.

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